Teamwork Theory

The four key stages of Bruce Tuckman's Teamwork Theory Stages are typical to any team.

There are many different teamwork theories and all have advantages, it is important to decide what kind of organization you have and think about your team members in order to decide which theory to implement. You need decide if there will be a leader of the team or if anyone plays an equal role in getting the project completed.

Teamwork Theory - Bruce Tuckman's Team Stages

In 1965, Bruce Tuckman created the Team Stages Model, and has been used many times in organizations since its inception. The theory holds that four phases take place in the team development to performance which include:

1. The formation of the group is the very first phase where the members work out where they fit in, try to figure out their other teammates, and wonder why they are there at all.

2. Storming is the second phase by which the team members begin to actually see themselves as a team, but this can also be challenging as teammates attempt to position themselves as leader versus follower.

3. During the third phase, which is called "norming" is where the team begins working together and establishes goals, rules, and figures out who does what, and what the result is.

4. Performing is the last phase and this is the point where the team begins to focus on not just the task, but also the relationships of the team members. It is during this stage that the team starts growing together.


What is Team Work and Why Teamwork Important

What is team work? Quite simply teamwork entails more than one person working together for a common purpose or goal.

Teamwork consists of two or more individuals working toward one goal.

Imagine if one great football player attempted to single-handedly win an entire game against a full team. Obviously, this is impossible because even the best players must play in a team in order to be effective. A football team, while many individuals cannot win a game without their fellow teammates. The same principle holds true in the workplace, when one person tries to do it all, they quickly fail, burnout, and lose interest.

Teams work on common goals and accomplishments, and come in all shapes and sizes.

There are teams of two and teams of 200, it doesn't matter what the size is, the team dynamic is what makes two or more stronger than one.

When some team members are committed and others are not, those that are not, quickly learn to get on board with the mission at hand.

Successful teams are focused, communicate, and remain committed to the cause or the achievement they are working toward. Know what is team work. Lastly, teams that have winning attitudes are the teams that are the most successful.

Main characteristics of a team illustrating "what is team work":

More than one person striving towards a common purpose.

A group of people with a leader working together to find a better solution or solutions.


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Communication in an organization is essential for behavior modification and to create awareness on a variety of staff issues.

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